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Federal Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is a land conservation program administered by the Farm Service Agency (FSA).   Visit their website for details - .

Federal Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)

The Environmental Quality Incentives Program -  - provides technical, educational, and financial assistance to eligible farmers and ranchers to address soil, water, and related natural resource concerns on their lands in an environmentally beneficial and cost-effective manner. The program provides assistance to farmers and ranchers in complying with Federal, State, and tribal environmental laws, and encourages environmental enhancement. The program is funded through the Commodity Credit Corporation. The purposes of the program are achieved through the implementation of a conservation plan, which includes structural, vegetative, and land management practices on eligible land. Five- to ten-year contracts are made with eligible producers. Cost-share payments may be made to implement one or more eligible structural or vegetative practices, such as animal waste management facilities, terraces, filter strips, tree planting, and permanent wildlife habitat. Incentive payments can be made to implement one or more land management practices, such as nutrient management, pest management, and grazing land management.

Fifty percent of the funding available for the program will be targeted at natural resource concerns relating to livestock production. The program is carried-out primarily in priority areas that may be watersheds, regions, or multi-state areas, and for significant statewide natural resource concerns that are outside of geographic priority areas. 

Federal Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)

The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP)  was a voluntary program for conservation-minded landowners who wanted to develop and improve wildlife habitat on agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land, and Indian land.

North Carolina Ag-Cost Share Program

Nonpoint source pollution has been identified by the NC Division of Water Quality as the primary source of degradation of freshwater rivers and streams in North Carolina. About 17 % of North Carolina's freshwater rivers and streams are impaired and do not fully support their intended uses (out of 91% evaluated). Most widespread sources are agriculture (53% of use support impairment/9% of total stream miles), urban runoff, and construction. Sediment (48% of use support impairment/8% of total miles) is the most widespread cause of water quality degradation. Source: DWQ 1996 305b.

The approach taken in North Carolina for addressing agriculture's contribution to the nonpoint source water pollution problem is to primarily encourage voluntary participation by the agricultural community. This approach is supported by financial incentives, technical and educational assistance, research, and regulatory programs.

Financial incentives are provided through North Carolina's Agriculture Cost Share Program. This program is administered by the Division of Soil and Water Conservation (Division) in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. It has been applauded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and has received wide support from the general public as well as the state's agricultural community. The Cost Share program was authorized in 1983 as a pilot program to address nonpoint source problems in the nutrient sensitive waters of Jordan Lake, Falls Lake, and the Chowan River covering 16 counties. Due to the program's success, it has been extended to all 96 Soil and Water Conservation Districts (Districts) that includes all 100 counties.

While the Soil and Water Conservation Commission (Commission) has the statutory responsibility to create, implement and supervise the Cost Share program, it is delivered at the local level by 492 elected and appointed volunteer District Supervisors who are assisted by a cadre of experts. The experts are employees of the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), the NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, the Cooperative Extension Service, the Division of Soil and Water Conservation, and the District or county.

Participating farmers receive 65% of predetermined average costs of installed best management practices (BMPs) with the remaining 35% paid by farmers directly or through in-kind contributions. Some applicants may be eligible to receive as much as $75,000 per year. Also the program provides local Districts with matching funds (50:50) to hire personnel to plan and install the needed BMPs. The Commission allocates cost share funds to local Districts based on the level of state appropriations and water quality protection priorities.

Cost Share allocation and funding decisions by District Boards are based on their written strategy plans. After receiving their allocation, District Boards review applications from landowners for Cost Share funding and decide who will be funded for BMP installation. The written strategy plans are used to prioritize the BMPs in terms of effectiveness for water quality protection. District Boards are encouraged to place the highest priority on the most cost effective water quality protection measures.

Completed BMPs under the program are subject to random checks by the Division staff and District personnel. Additional checks are required if the BMP relates to animal waste management. Farmers who fail to maintain their BMPs in proper working order are subject to repaying some or all of the original cost share funds.

Since the first cost share contracts were issued in 1984, there have been approximately 24,091 contracts approved for installing BMPs through the end of the 1997 program year, which ended June 30, 1997. It has been estimated that an average of 1.5 million tons of soil have been saved annually during the life of the program.

From its inception, state taxpayers have invested approximately $75.5 million in improved water quality through the installation of BMPs. In the 1996-1997 fiscal year, the Cost Share program received $15,934,897 in state appropriations. The $15.9 million included $7.5 million to bring old animal operations into compliance with the new standards under the .0200 rules. The program cost shared 118 full and part time District technical positions to plan, design, and install agricultural BMPs to improve water quality. The Cost Share program is currently budgeted for $6.9 million in non-reverting, recurring funds. 

If you would like to complete a NC Agriculture Cost Share Program Application, you may download an application from         

Please mail, fax, or bring the completed form to our office.


Mailing Address: 

Randolph Soil & Water Conservation District    
2222-A S Fayetteville St
Asheboro, NC 27203

Fax Number: 336.318.6494

Please call to be certain we received your application 336.318.6490.

North Carolina Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program


Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program

The Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) is a joint effort of the North Carolina Division of Soil and Water Conservation, the NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund, the Ecosystem Enhancement Program (EEP), and the Farm Service Agency - United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to address water quality problems of the Neuse, Tar-Pamlico and Chowan river basins as well as the Jordan Lake watershed area. The Neuse, Tar-Pamlico and Chowan river basins were part of a recent national initiative, the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine Study, to evaluate the impacts of the estuaries. This national initiative attributed significant estuarine degradation to nonpoint source pollution. The North Carolina Division of Water Quality has classified these basins and the Jordan Lake watershed as nutrient sensitive waters (NSW).

CREP is a voluntary program that seeks to protect land along watercourses that is currently in agricultural production. The objectives of the program include: installing 100,000 acres of forested riparian buffers, grassed filter strips and wetlands; reducing the impacts of sediment and nutrients within the targeted area; and providing substantial ecological benefits for many wildlife species that are declining in part as a result of habitat loss. Program funding will combine the Federal Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) funding with State funding from the Clean Water Management Trust Fund, Agriculture Cost Share Program, and North Carolina Wetlands Restoration Program.

Landowners of existing agricultural land within the Neuse, Tar-Pamlico and Chowan river basins and the Jordan Lake watershed are eligible to participate in CREP. Under CREP, landowners can voluntarily enroll eligible land in 10-year, 15-year, 30-year, and permanent contracts. The state will pay additional bonuses to landowners that enroll land in 30-year and permanent agreements. Cost sharing will be available for installation of forested riparian buffers, grassed filter strips, wetlands restoration practices, water control structures, livestock exclusion, and remote livestock watering in order to increase the efficiency of enrolled practices. Interested landowners should contact their local Soil and Water Conservation District or Farm Service Agency office.

For more information please visit: 

North Carolina Wetland Reserve Program

The NC Wetlands Restoration Program (NCWRP) is an innovative, non-regulatory program established by the NC General Assembly in 1996 to restore wetlands, streams and streamside (riparian) areas throughout the state. The goals of the NCWRP are:

  • To protect and improve water quality through restoration of wetland, stream and riparian area functions and values lost through historic, current and future impacts.
  • To achieve a net increase in wetland acreage, functions and values in all of North Carolina's major river basins.
  • To Promote a comprehensive approach for the protection of natural resources.
  • To provide a consistent approach to address compensatory mitigation requirements associated with wetland, stream, and buffer regulations, and to increase the ecological effectiveness of compensatory mitigation projects.
  • For more information please visit NRCS website.